By Boris Esono Nwenfor (Cameroon)
Transparency International has released their corruption index for 2018 which ranks the world’s most corrupt countries as well as the least. In its 2018 corruption perception index (CPI), Transparency International has ranked Cameroon amongst the most corrupt countries in West and Central Africa surpassing Ghana and Nigeria all together. The country is ranked 152 with a score of 25 over 100.
In the Transparency International CPI, Somalia is ranked the most corrupt country in the world and inside Africa.
In the report, Nigeria saw improvement as it moved to position 144 from 148 in TI’s latest corruption perception index worldwide.
Corruption is a phenomenon with serious consequences that affects all communities in the world. In Cameroon, its effects are widespread in the public and private sectors. Cameroon has twice been named as the world’s most corrupt state in 1998 and 1999 as per Transparency International indices.
Compared to the end of the 90s, Cameroon has really progressed in this ranking even though the phenomenon has decreased compared to the 90s, thanks to the establishment of structures fighting against this social evil. Corruption however remains one of the biggest challenges to the social and economic development of the country. For example, in its activity report for 2013, the National Anti-corruption Commission acknowledged that “2013 saw the evolution and sophistication of corruption techniques in the country”. In 2017, Cameroon was ranked 153th most corrupt country.
The index which ranks 180 countries and territories by their perceived levels of public sector corruption according to experts uses a scale of 0 to 100, where 0 is highly corrupt and 100 is very clean. More than two thirds of countries score below 50 on this year’s CPI with an average score of just 43.
According to the authors of the report, corruption flourishes where democratic foundations are weak and where populist politicians use it to their advantage.
Denmark, New Zealand, Singapore, Sweden and Switzerland make up the least corrupt top five, with the upper quartile dominated by European countries. The bottom ten includes Burundi, Equatorial Guinea, Sudan, Yemen, and Somalia.