By Nevson Mpofu
Zimbabwe has strategically framed out Sustainable waste management in order to keep the Environment spark and clean. This in the long run is a holistic approach to a sustainable Economy. Waste removal, keeping the environment clean and manageable pushes forward for a developed World.
The immaculate move is vital education for countries of the World meant to eradicate communities from water and food borne diseases related to cholera, dysentery, diarrhoea and typhoid. Cholera hit the country several times since 2008. This impacted severely on economic development, thereby reducing the Gross Domestic Product of the country.
Zimbabwe finally got big support in finance, health technology and various resources and technical support. These came from the European Union, Red Cross, Red Crescent, World Health Organisation and UNICEF including some few civil society organisation. After cholera epidemic resisted anti-biotic, GAVI, the Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunisation introduced the Oral Cholera Vaccine. It finally cooled the spread of the deadly acute epidemic in the high density suburbs of Harare.
In 2008 Cholera killed 4000 people in the same density suburb. In 2018 it killed 50 people in small total but it was more serious than the 2008 one. Health experts concluded in thanks giving that there were working interventions, programs and availability of massive bundle of resources from the donor World.
‘’We managed to contain the epidemic because we managed to get support from various organisations. They came to our rescue with all the support needed financially and resource wise. We give our big support to them including as well companies like Eco net which donated 10 000 million dollars’’ said DR Obediah Moyo the Minister of Health and Child Welfare .
President Mnanagwa late last year launched the Monthly clean-up campaign for every Friday of the end of month. The recent clean-up campaign held on 1 March conceded with the Africa Environment Day which links with the Wagari Matai Day and the World Wild Life Day. The ground breaking ceremony was graced by top Government officials among them the two vice Presidents, Kembo Mohadi and Constantine Chiwengwa . Among them were the Minister of Environment and Tourism Priscah Mupfumira and Opphar Muchinguri the Minister of Defence.
‘’We need to leave the World has how we found it like. The whole world has turned wild because of Strawn dirty everywhere. This has impacted developing counties like Zimbabwe. We are striving to become a middle Income country by 2030.
‘’The more we are dirty, the more we have communicable diseases like cholera, typhoid and others. The spread of cholera has driven our goals we need to achieve by 2030. These are the Sustainable Development Goals launched in 2015 by the United Nations.
‘’We missed on some Millennium Development Goals launched in 2000. This was caused by the contribution of many challenges we have economically. Now we need to remain vigilant to all the dirty surrounding our environment. Who would love to invest in a dirty country .Suppose it was you. Definitely you wouldn’t like it’’ , he pointed out .
The day was commemorated under the theme, ‘’Clean Environment-My Responsibility ‘’ .It is set to find a clean path for economic development and growth. The cleaning campaign carries the spirit of a clean, safe and healthy environment of the ideas of Wagari Matai of Kenya who worked hard to
Educate people of keeping a safe, clean environment to eradicate or eliminate communicable ailments like cholera which impacts on economic development and growth.
How is The World Affected Socially And Economically..
The World at 7,5 billion is giving challenges . This being negative to the economy as a whole reduces food security. – The effects of over –population , population explosion and increase have led to the fast spread of communicable diseases which are in three main categories .These are Air-borne like Tuberculosis , Water-Bourne like Cholera , food Bourne like gastroenteritis and food salmonella typhoid .
This has effects on economy in terms of growth and development. Economies of the whole world have drastically gone down since the beginning of the 20th century. This is because of problems related to mainly at World scale Tuberculosis which is caused by Tubercle Bacilli and Myco-Bacterium. The two are similar. They spread in air. One can breathe the contaminated air this leading to Tuberculosis infection. It gets spread widely, hence why it is called communicable.
Tuberculosis is spread mostly in dirty conditions where people live in compacted living like in squatter areas, dirty high density suburbs. A number of people in such areas have been subjected to TB and other communicable. This leads to morbidity and mortality, which is disease contraction and death.
HIV and AIDS are closely linked to TB. It has proved that 78% of people living with HIV have been diagnosed TB. The world has a total of 45 million people living with HIV. Africa has the highest since it has got 35 to 40 million people who need Anti-Retroviral Drugs. A total of 40 to 50 million have succumbed to death worldwide. A big number is in Africa south of the Sahara.
HIV and AIDS has declined economies of this Earth planet. This in 2007 and 2008 contributed to Global Crisis.
The World Spent Heavily on Communicable Diseases from 2000.
From the year 2000 onwards, the World grappled on Health financing challenges. It spent billions on separate occasions in different World Regions. In total 200 billion got spent in 15 years since the beginning of the millennium .Global Health Finance came from Global Fund , GAVI , UNAIDS and a few International organisations . In 2014 Global Fund spent USD 35,9 billion on Tuberculosis HIV related. The most demanding funding was channelled to end Ebola. Almost USD 652 million was spent in total. The UN has spent a total of USD 227,9 billion on MDG related Health issues world-wide . However, post Global Crisis Health Funding decreased to 1,6% . The World as well spent more respectively USD 778 million on family planning in 2014, USD 1,1 MILLION on Nutrition . GAVI spent 3,2 billion on child vaccines . Above all as compared to regions of the World, Sub-Saharan Africa has spent USD 1, 18 BILLION IN Health. The total amounts if diseases were contained could be spent wisely for
Food Security increase by 25% in the developing World and 5% in First World countries. Later the following could be eradicated in low, medium to high %.
Ending Hunger by almost 100% in the developing World
Poverty Reduction by 30%
Malnutrition by totally 100%
Vulnerability by 12%
Climate Change, adaptation and mitigation by 8%
The World would then move towards total elimination of all challenges at heart in many Third World countries. Furthermore improvements through UNFPA work could more specifically eliminate on poverty and vulnerability in young people who strive to live in a clean World.
HOW HIV and AIDS, TB Contribute To Global Crisis..
The World has spent almost –Total USD200 billion in a bid to contain Communicable Diseases in many urban areas of both developed and developing countries. Global Fund has in total spent extra more 1,5 billion US Dollars on TB , HIV and Malaria from years back to 2007 . For now the figure climbed high. Besides most of it has been spent on HIV and AIDS the multi-lateral funding from PEPFAR, USAID, UNAIDS, UNITAID and a few known Global Organisations.
The crisis emanates from the failure to address this spread. More money is then spent on addressing these challenges financially, technically and educationally. The spread of Cholera affects the lives of those living with HIV and AIDS. Their Immunity systems are compromised. When HIV positive people get contracted to cholera they get drained their nutrients. The immunity fails to work properly, then they succumb to death because of continuous vomiting and watery stool. Cholera is a result of faecal –oral transmission. This is a result of eating food that has been touched by dirty hands, unwashed hands, food that is decaying, left for days and eating or drinking water with vibrio-cholera.